Taking a thorough medical and dental history is an important first step when examining an endodontic patient. The clinician can begin formulating an initial preliminary diagnosis while taking the history. The clinical and radiographic presentations can be used to confirm the initial preliminary diagnosis.
Torabinejad M, Fouad A, Shabahang S. Endodontics: Principles and Practice. 6th ed. London, United Kingdom: Elsevier, 2020.
Blicher B, Pryles RL, Lin J. Endodontics Review: A Study Guide. Hanover Park, IL: Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc, 2019.